looking time paradigm

A basic paradigm used in developmental psychology to research phenomena in early-childhood, as participants have no means of direct communication. The time a child fixates on a scene is measured and interpreted based on the exact paradigm used:

  • Preference:
    • Children spend more time looking at things that they like (typical studies present two items)
  • Habituation-Dishabituation:
    • Stimulus A ist shown repeatedly, if stimulus B is differentiated from stimulus A by the participant, that should elicit longer looking times
  • Expectation of Violation:
    • Longer looking times are interpreted as a violated expectation