- Metadata:
- This could be used as an introductory video in the ethics part of a statistics lecture
- The anecdote from target shows the power of statistics: A mathematician came up with a model to predict pregnancies from the purchase habits alone and send coupons to the people for that. This model detected a teenage pregnancy even before the father of the teen would know.
- Similarly, statistics have been used in the courtroom to determine probabilities of alternative explanations (most of the time, these are misused)
- However, even though statistics are really powerful, it is easy to lie with them
- 80% of dentists recommend Colgate (true if dentists can specify multiple products, but the phrasing makes it sound like Colgate is at the top of the list)
- 5% of people drop out -> 10% of people drop out, a 5% increase or a 100% increase?
- Correlation-Causation fallacies
- Simpsons Paradox
- Prosecutors Fallacy P(a/b) != P(b/a)
- other people looking exactly like the culprit

- Bar graphs that do not have 0 at their bottom

# Video - This is How Easy It Is to Lie With Statistics

Adrian Steffan. 2022, derived from Jekyll Garden