Paper - On the Nature of Toddlers' Helping: Helping or Interest in Others' Activity?

  • Metadata:
    • author: Jeremy Carpendale, Viktoria Kettner, Karyn Audet
    • title: On the Nature of Toddlers' Helping: Helping or Interest in Others' Activity?
    • year: 20142014

    • url: Weblink
  • Background:
    • prosocial behaviorprosocial behavior
      Prosocial behavior encompasses all actions that benefit others without having a direct (material) gain for the actor. Typical prosocial behavior seen in children: sharing, helping, and cheering up....
  • Research Question:
    • Is cooperative behavior imitation or altruism?
  • Case Studies
    • Rheingold 1982, building lego bricks and massage get imitated by kid
    • Child "Lukas" (18-24 Month)
      • Lukas wants to brush the teeth of his mother (unwanted)
      • Lukas wants to sweep the floor with the broom of his mother, but does not do so when he is provided with one
    • Child Daniel (22 Months)
      • Chores are a form of play (Daniel restores initial state after doing the chore)
      • Related: Older children seem to not to do chores when they framed as "helping" instead of "play".
  • Discussion:
    • The child is more likely to be an imitator, as opposed to an altruist.
    • Cooperation can be seen, but likely not caused by altruism
    • Does altruism stem from earlier imitation?