Paper - Mother-infant Interaction Quality and Infants' Ability to Encode Actions as Goal-directed

  • Metadata:
    • author: Maria Licata, Markus Paulus, Claudia Thoermer, Susanne Kristen-Antonow, Amanda Woodward, Beate Sodian
    • title: Mother-infant Interaction Quality and Infants' Ability to Encode Actions as Goal-directed
    • year: 20142014

    • url: Weblink
  • Background:
    • Goal encoding is an important predictor for later understanding epistemic states
    • Emotional AvailabilityEmotional Availability
      The Emotional Availability Scale (Biringen, 2008) measures 6 behavioral aspects on a 1-7 likert-scale:

      Adult

      Sensitivity (Ainsworth)
      Structuring
      Non-intrusiveness
      No...
    • Mind-mindedness - a trait of the mother (perceiving the child as an intentional agent)
  • Research Question:
    • Is there a connection between EA & MM and the goal encoding ability of the child?
  • Method:
    • 7-month-old children
    • goal encoding task woodwardInfantsSelectivelyEncode1998woodwardInfantsSelectivelyEncode1998

      Metadata:

      author: Amanda L. Woodward
      title: Infants selectively encode the goal object of an actor's reach
      year: [[1998]]
      url: Weblink




      Used a [[looking tim...
    • Emotional Availability Scale
    • Maternal Mind-mindedness (Meins & Fernyhough 2010)
    • controlled variables: Temper, Working Memory, Education of mother
  • Results:
    • EA correlated with goal encoding
    • (Childs temper as well)
    • (EA and MM was partially correlated)
    • mm does not correlate with goal encoding
  • Interpretation:
    • Significant correlation between emotional availability and goal encoding for 7 month olds
      • Same time -> Causality less likely but EA stable over time and other direction is highly unlikely
      • Alternative explanation: Motionese is a mediating variable
    • What to make of the non correlation with MM?
      • Other study found: older children had correlation between MM and Theory of MindTheory of Mind
        .
      • (Correlation between EA and MM was found)