Paper - Maternal sensitivity and non-intrusiveness at 12 months predict attention to emotional facial expressions at 24 months: A cross-lagged panel approach

  • Metadata:
    • author: Marina Kammermeier, Markus Paulus
    • title: Maternal sensitivity and non-intrusiveness at 12 months predict attention to emotional facial expressions at 24 months: A cross-lagged panel approach
    • url: Weblink
  • Background:
    • Theorized that EAEA
      The Emotional Availability Scale (Biringen, 2008) measures 6 behavioral aspects on a 1-7 likert-scale:

      Adult

      Sensitivity (Ainsworth)
      Structuring
      Non-intrusiveness
      No...
      (sensitivity and non intrusiveness) has an effect on the child's ability to regulate emotions
  • Research Question:
    • Does the motherly EA at 12mo affect the visual attention of children in regards to emotional expressions at 24mo?
  • Method:
    • Longitudal
    • 12 MO:
      • Freeplay, EA scales
      • 8 emotional face Stimuli -> Visual attention measured via Eye-tracking
    • 24 MO:
      • Freeplay and puzzle, EA scales
      • 8 emotional face Stimuli -> Visual attention measured via Eye-tracking
  • Results:
    • Sad: Effect (less intrusiv -> higher attention to sad faces)
    • Positive: only maternal sensitivity has effect
    • Fear: No Effect
      • There has been other evidence here (Peltola at al 2015, 2020)
  • Interpretation:
    • There is some connection between EA and the child's visual attention in regards to regards to emotions