Paper - Imitation of facial and manual gestures by human neonates

  • Metadata:
    • author: A. N. Meltzoff, M. K. Moore
    • title: Imitation of facial and manual gestures by human neonates
    • year: 1977
    • url: Weblink
  • Research Question:
    • Are infants able to imitate actions and facial expression from birth?
  • Method:
    • Experiment 1:
      • 6 infants aged 12-17 days
      • 4 actions were presented (3 facial expression, 1 hand gestures) in 4 x 15s trials
      • Infants hat 20 seconds to react to the gestures
      • Videotaping -> Encoding for imitated gestures
    • Experiment 2:
      • 12 infants
      • 2 actions (tongue out + open mouth) and 1 baseline (no action)
  • Results:
    • Infants elicit actions more often when they were performed by the researcher
  • Interpretation:
    • Infants are born with the ability to actions from other
      • These findings were disputed in oostenbroekComprehensiveLongitudinalStudy2016oostenbroekComprehensiveLongitudinalStudy2016

        Metadata:

        author: Janine Oostenbroek, Thomas Suddendorf, Mark Nielsen, Jonathan Redshaw, Siobhan Kennedy-Costantini, Jacqueline Davis, Sally Clark, Virginia Slaughter
        title: Com...