Paper - Correlates of child-father and child-mother attachment in the preschool years

  • Metadata:
    • author: Jean-Fran├žois Bureau, Jodi Martin, Kim Yurkowski, Sabrina Schmiedel, Jeffry Quan, Ellen Moss, Audrey-Ann Deneault, Dominique Pallanca
    • title: Correlates of child-father and child-mother attachment in the preschool years
    • year: 20172017

    • url: Weblink
  • Background:
    • Role of the father in AttachmentAttachment
      .
      not heavily researched
  • Research Question:
    • Hypothesis 1: Parental play sensitivity is associated with attachment security
    • Hypothesis 2: Attachment security to father is influenced by context factors (temper of child, stress)
    • Hypothesis 3: insecure father-child attachment correlates stronger with social adoption problems than insecure mother-child attachment
    • Hypothesis 4: insecure attachment to both parents leads to combined social adoption problems
  • Method:
    • Laughing Task Procedure: Parent had to make child laugh in 2 minute timeframe (measured: parental play sensitivity)
    • Separation-Reunion Procedure (measures similarly to SSP)
    • Parenting Stress Index
    • Child Behavior Questionnaire: Child Temper
    • Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire: Emotional and social behavior of the child
  • Results:
    • Hypothesis 1: Accepted for both mother and father
    • Hypothesis 2: Partially accepted, only stress caused by child attributes affects attachment to father. No association between motherly stress and attachment
    • Hypothesis 3: Insecure attachment to father is associated with behavioral problems, but not with emotional symptoms (no association with attachment to mother)
    • Hypothesis 4: Accepted (insecure attachment to father leads to stronger behavioral problems, even when attachment to mother is secure)
  • Interpretation:
    • Insecure attachment to fathers is more important than attachment to mother for behavioral problems in preschool age
    • Children are more likely to form an insecure attachment to fathers that view them as difficult
    • Insecure attachment to both parents leads to social adoption problems
    • Parental play sensitivity is integral to attachment security