Paper - Comprehensive Longitudinal Study Challenges the Existence of Neonatal Imitation in Humans

  • Metadata:
    • author: Janine Oostenbroek, Thomas Suddendorf, Mark Nielsen, Jonathan Redshaw, Siobhan Kennedy-Costantini, Jacqueline Davis, Sally Clark, Virginia Slaughter
    • title: Comprehensive Longitudinal Study Challenges the Existence of Neonatal Imitation in Humans
    • year: 20162016

    • url: Weblink
  • Background:
    • largest ever longitudinal study of neonatal imitation in humans.
  • Research Question:
    • Do newborns imitate actions?
  • Method:
    • 1,3,6 and 9 weeks of age (n = 106)
    • 11 model-actions:
      • 9 social in nature (4 facial expressions, 2 manual gestures, 3 sounds)
      • 2 inanimate objects that imitated facial expression (open mouth, tounge out)
      • 2 presentations for 15 seconds with a 15 second break
    • Compared frequency of action during matching presentation with frequency of actions during other (control) conditions
      • Imitation can be assumes when the presented action comes up more often than in ALL other conditions
  • Results:
    • No imitation found for any of the model-actions
      • only cross design analysis with limited control conditions could find significant results, implying that this is the reason previous studies have found an effect in the first place
  • Interpretation:
    • Newborns do not imitate actions from birth (rather: learned behavior through environmental factors)
      • This study fails to replicate the findings of Paper - Imitation of facial and manual gestures by human neonatesPaper - Imitation of facial and manual gestures by human neonates

        Metadata:

        author: A. N. Meltzoff, M. K. Moore
        title: Imitation of facial and manual gestures by human neonates
        year: [[1977]]
        url: Weblink


        Research Questio...