Encoding information in our brain depends on both structure and cognitive load

When studying, we need to look towards encoding, as Other than retrieval, encoding is a critical and often overlooked step when studyingOther than retrieval, encoding is a critical and often overlooked step when studying
When conversing with our long term memory, there are two processes involved: [[Encoding]] and Retrieval.

However, popular study techniques (active recall and spaced repetition) only focus on impro...

To use the technique effectively, we need to look towards two basic concepts, as Justin Sung argues in Video - Encoding.. 2 Basic Steps to Study More EfficientlyVideo - Encoding.. 2 Basic Steps to Study More Efficiently

Metadata:

author: Justin Sung
title: Encoding: 2 Basic Steps to Study More Efficiently
year: [[2021]]
url: Weblink


This Video is a follow-up of [[Video - ...

  • Structure
    • You never want information to be isolated, compare to Learning isolated facts becomes harder with age, but connected facts become easier to recall as our mental model growsLearning isolated facts becomes harder with age, but connected facts become easier to recall as our mental model grows

      [[Book - How to Take Smart Notes]] argues that while our raw mental ability does decrease with age, the fact that we have that many more connections to topics that we have learned about before, ...
    • There are different stages of learning (Blooms Taxonomy: remember -> understand -> apply -> analyze (this is the part where we combine multiple ideas) -> evaluate -> create)
    • We should focus on the analyze portion according to Sung, as our brains will take care of the lower layers automatically and much more effectively as we know where the knowledge fits in
      • This could be a reason that learning by doing is so effective, as we directly know where the knowledge needs to be stored
  • High cognitive load
    • The higher the cognitive load, the better the encoding process (relate this to an idea from make it stick, then remove the unlinked tag)
    • A practical tip to achieve this: Instead of writing down notes straight away, get into the habit of keeping information in your brain a bit longer to increase the cognitive load (this related to Unfinished tasks occupy our mind more strongly than finished tasksUnfinished tasks occupy our mind more strongly than finished tasks

      In psychology, this fact is referred to as the Zeigarnik effect, which postulates that people remember unfinished or interrupted tasks better than completed tasks.
      [[Book - How to Take Smart N...
      )